Richard Stallman (March 16, 1953) is a US free software activist, systems specialist and software developer. He is the founder of the GNU Project and Free Software Foundation. In September 1983, it launched the GNU Project, a huge collection of free software that contains all the software needed for an operating system, except the operating system kernel, to create a Unix-like operating system. During his studies on AI (Artificial Intelligence) at MIT in the late 70s and early 80s, his revolt against his business colleagues closing the source code of their software for trading purposes continues to this day.
According to Stallman, hiding of software codes brought many problems. The most common of these was that a firm or a person took open source software and closed the source code after making a few changes and used it for commercial purposes. Since such a cycle could lead to the development of all developed software in the world over time, Stallman directed his hacker activities and energy to free software advocacy at MIT.
The free software that Stallman advocated was already implemented in many other parts of the world. The BSD, which comes to life at the University of California, Berkeley, is a prime example of this. BSD developed the software it developed, including the code that forms the backbone of the Internet, such as the TCP / IP protocol suite, to the full discretion of everyone.
Stallman has proposed the GPL (GNU General Public License) license infrastructure to create a system where everyone can contribute more instead of hiding open source code commercialization. With the GPL license, a more beneficial and efficient software environment is aimed for both end-user and software developers.
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